PATIENT CARE & SERVICES
Jawaharlal Nehru remembered on 51st death anniversary: Standard deduction of Rs 40, for salaried taxpayers. Bureau for Development Policy. Reason to shut down, as bureau was running in project mode and Government programmes that run in a project mode for this long are not sustainable. Anesth Analg ; Ahead of the Budget, corporate America has urged Finance Minister Arun Jaitley for further reduction in tax uncertainty for multinational companies and institutional investors, a step which it said would help attract more foreign direct investments to India. Law enforcement in Canada.
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A discussion paper by UNDP 2 describes a framework to analyse the structural and social determinants of maternal health. Figure 1 shows the elements of the framework.
The categories of factors as described in the framework are: In the framework proposed by WHO, although cultural and social norms are presented under structural factors, we believe that they also stem from the community context and can also be considered as intermediary factors.
The Social Determinants of Maternal Health. Policy into Practise on Social Determinants of Health. This case study describes a collaborative effort in India the Dead Women Talking Initiative to illustrate the implications of a social determinants approach to maternal deaths. Detailed description of the DWT initiative is given elsewhere in this document.
Here we describe the results from the documentation of maternal deaths across 10 states and 31 districts in India using the SDH framework described above.
The deaths were documented between January and December The framework described above is used to discuss social determinants of maternal health at the individual, family, community and health system level. Certain structural factors — policies and programmes - that resulted in system induced vulnerabilities are also described. Majority 78 out of of the women who died were very young, less than 25 years old.
Further, 26 of them were between 16 and 20 years of age and all except one of them were married. Almost 40 percent of the women died during their first pregnancy and another 38 percent during their second or third pregnancy. At the other end of the spectrum were older women with a history of several pregnancies. In addition to being responsible for their daily household chores, most of the deceased women were wage labourers or agriculture workers.
Some of them were also migrant workers and some worked until the last month of their pregnancy. Four of the women were community level workers in public institutions - the lowest and most peripheral workers in the hierarchy of these institutions. Altogether, it was very likely that these women came from extremely poor conditions.
Almost 45 percent of the women who died were from scheduled tribes and a further 17 percent were from scheduled castes 1. At least six out of the women who died in this sample were migrants either from within the state or from other states.
Another group of women who were especially vulnerable and were excluded from care were those in remote hamlets, a typical feature of most tribal villages as well as most of rural India. Families revealed that these hamlets did not receive any services at all.
Sheela was a 17 year old adivasi tribal girl in Chhattisgarh. Her family had been resettled because her village was in an area declared a tiger reserve. The resettlement village was 10 km away from the road and was inaccessible during the rains.
There was no Anganwadi Centre 2 in the village, the ANM did not visit there and no immunization took place. Sheela, who was pregnant with her first child, did therefore not have any antenatal care.
She delivered at home, developed post-partum haemorrhage and died before the family could get a vehicle to transport her to a facility. Women's lack of decision making, a lesser value placed on their lives, and the health system's neglect of issues affecting women, all came up in the narratives. Son preference as an overarching determinant of maternal death came up in the stories of two women. One of them was diagnosed with a heart ailment in her earlier pregnancy.
She already had three children including one son, but the desire for two sons, propelled her to the fourth pregnancy despite her family being aware of the risk. In another maternal death case, social stigma and lack of care was highlighted in relation to the pregnancy of an unmarried woman, dying after an unsafe abortion.
Lack of availability of emergency obstetric care and its poor quality emerged as a significant issue from our analysis of maternal deaths. In at least 38 of the maternal deaths there was a clear lack of adequate health care services the so called 3rddelay 3. Blood seemed to be unavailable in emergencies. In situations of emergency, blood transfusion was either delayed or inadequate. This was noted for at least 46 percent of the maternal deaths we documented, with probable causes of death such as post-partum haemorrhage, anaemia and ante-partum haemorrhage.
At least 12 of the women who died had not received any form of antenatal care at all and anaemia was the cause of 22 deaths contributing to at least 4 more deaths. Prevention, detection and treatment of anaemia did not seem to be a priority during antenatal care. Of our sample of deaths, 82 deaths took place in the post-partum period, with 52 of these happening in the first 24 hours after delivery. However, post-partum care was found to be highly inadequate both within the facility and in the community.
Post-partum care largely seemed to be absent in facilities and women were discharged soon after delivery and families left to fend for them in the case of any complication. Once the woman was discharged from a facility, there seemed to be no system of following her up at home and providing any care to her.
Referrals and emergency transport. Of the maternal deaths documented, women attempted to seek care in a health facility and died either in a facility or on way to it. Further, due to refusal by the admitting hospital due to lack of funds and other reasons36 of the women who dies visited three or more facilities seeking care when they were faced with an obstetric emergency.
One of the women visited as many as 7 facilities in search of care. While there was difficulty in getting vehicles to transport women from one facility to another, families often also narrated that they faced difficulties in getting designated ambulances or vehicles to come to their homes to pick up women during an emergency.
Several system-induced vulnerabilities could be seen in the narratives. Policies and programmes of the government meant to improve health outcomes, actually affect the most vulnerable most adversely. In her third pregnancy with two previous girl children, Shanta was under tremendous pressure to produce a son. The ANM however insisted that her husband should undergo sterilization as they already had two children. In this scenario, no antenatal care was provided to Shanta this time, nor did she seek care.
She later delivered a boy who however died of prematurity. Election results of Gujarat portrayed anger of groundnut and cotton farmers whose income was hit hard by bumper produce. By taking pride in historic high in farm produce of all kinds and insulating farmers from any downward spiral due to increased produce, Modi government has attempted to win hearts of farmers.
FM Jaitley noted that economy has turned the corner under the Narendra Modi government. Jaitley made a politically important statement that this government has created a situation where there is a premium to honesty as evidenced by fight against black money and demonetisation moves.
These statements are indeed valid. The problems are real and it will be interesting to watch for budget cues on these issues. Our emphasis is on generating higher income for farmers. We want to help farmers produce more and realise higher prices, says Finance Minster Arun Jaitley.
GRAMs to help farmers for direct sales. MSP for Kharif crops to be 1. PSU banks ready to support growth: Finance Minister says recapitalised PSU banks are ready to support growth; achieved 7. My government is committed to the welfare of the fares. Jaitley talks of note ban benefits, says Indian economy is now rebounding. Banking sector is in an upswing, capital infusion is key.
Thing is how and which bank get it. Some banks need the investment as they are in bad shape. Some need it for growth capital. Inclusion of capital is a must. There are two ways to do it: We have seen govt talking of employment. But jobs are not being created.
Even Modi said that "Pakora selling" is also employment. But this has been going through since Around 46 percent people in India are self employed and two third of them make only Rs 90, in a year. This is not good at all. I would like Jaitley to accept it. But asking government to create jobs for 1 million jobs in India is unfair. Click here to watch live streaming of our special Budget discussion. Budget won't take drastic steps to curb banking upswing. IBC is a major reform.
The NPA rate has begun to bottom. This may impact the ratings as well. I believe the IBC will play a positive role. I don't think the Budget will do anything to curb the upswing in the banking sector. It will be a "no harm" budget. It will try to consolidate fiscal position. It will try to placate the rural constituency. There could be some kind of cohesive action over farm loan waiver.
Federalism is coming to play here. The government may come out with a scheme to provide some relief to farmers. I fear the government may waive off Mudra loans. An average Mudra loan is 23, rupees. The total will be around 1 lakh crores. Sensex up points, trading at 36, Nifty up 50 points, trading 11, Government won't tax long term capital gains -- for now.
Now people are realising in investing in India's equity market. So, Jaitley cannot tax long term capital gains. Indian investors are not very educated about long term capital investment. But yes, if they do so, they would have to do it a very smart manner. Lost in the debate over populism, election-oriented Budget and fiscal prudence is the fact that at 1. Government may not like to bring petrol and diesel under the ambit of the GST.
Maybe they may do so in the course of the year. But now with the rise in oil prices, things are difficult for government. Oil issue is always coupled with the rupee devaluation. Some say we should be weakening rupee but it will put a great pressure on our exchequer. But we always interpret about the impact of economy on elections but that does not seem to happen in India.
They will focus on social sector spending with an eye on the elections. Now, I don't think that the government will focus on economics now. They need to take bulls by the horn. About 20 to 25 percent corporate tax should be done now. If not now, then it will be difficult to reduce it later. In the retail side, there needs to be some benefits for the consumers. There needs to be a expansion of taxation system. Consumption needs to be boosted, tough budget for Jaitley.
Govt has to take some step in the budget. They need to take care of how to take care of income tax rates. There needs to be a push to consumption. After GST, there was a fall in consumption, so how will government push consumption. In agriculture sector, there is a stress in consumption too.
In Gujarat election, we came to know that the government is not very popular in rural areas. Stock market appears to have taken a cautious opening on Budget day. Markets have opened a tad higher, but no excitement is seen. This is a signal that investors are a bit jittery waiting for Budget cues for future decisions. If Jaitley disappoints on these fronts, bears will likely claim an upper hand by the end of the day. Markets open in green hours before Budget presentation; Sensex up points at 36,, Nifty at 11, mark.
The scrip Sensitive Index Sensex , was trading Budget will focus on public welfare, hints Shiv Pratap Shukla. Minister of State for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla said the government cannot ignore public welfare and hence the Budget will be on these lines. Rural distress may be addressed in Budget , says Shankar Aiyar. The agri-focussed are doing well this morning. As the government gets set to unveil Budget today at 11 am, all eyes will be on whether the authorities stay the course on containing the fiscal deficit, or whether they throw caution to the wind with a populist set of spending priorities.
Facing discontent at home over falling farm incomes and a backlash following policy initiatives that have dented growth, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be aiming to woo rural voters and small business owners in the last full budget before a general election that must be held by May To keep investors on side, however, Modi will have to convince them that he plans to keep to his word on working towards reining in the fiscal deficit.
Read the full article here. Will the FM tweak I-T slab for salaried class? During Gujarat elections, the BJP witnessed some erosion of its rural voter base, but the middle class held firm. In fact the middle class that constitutes roughly 35 percent of Indian electorate has been traditionally and resolutely backing the BJP through thick and thin.
The salaried class, a large constituent of the middle segment of Indian consumers, has been hard-pressed due to the slowing economy, rise in fuel prices and high retail inflation.
On an election year and in his final full budget, the finance minister wouldn't want to antagonise this segment that is crucial to BJP's electoral chances. It is possible that we may see a tweaking of the income tax slab that could be heightened from Rs , to Rs , This, in itself, may not be enough to ease the pocket or the minds of the salaried class.
To increase disposable income, the middle class expects Arun Jaitley to bring back 'standard deduction' that was done away with in A standard deduction of 25 percent to 35 percent of the salary component not exceeding Rs 75, could be enough to ease heartburn and the FM would be aware of it. He is expected to proceed to the Parliament now. Political populism or fiscal prudence: What will Jaitley choose?
In an election year, no Union Budget can afford to disappoint the prospective voters, particularlyso given that this is the last full Budget of the Narendra Modi government. But can Arun Jaitley really do so? Politically, it will be a mistake on the part of any finance minister to make the Budget speech disappointing and a non-event in an election-heavy year.
The choices before Jaitley is to either make the Budget politically a smart move or stick to fiscal prudence. As a result of GST, the price of insurance has gone up by anywhere between 3 percent to 18 percent. The insurance industry has suggested that the term insurance be treated as an essential and not be taxed under GST. It is currently in the 18 percent bracket and we expect it to move to a lower bracket at least. We, as an industry, have been pushing for term insurance to be made mandatory for all citizens in a phased manner to make social security net be available to all.
GST exemption will be a step in the right direction. Read full report here. Hordes of reporters in front of his residence. Govt initiatives have potential but improved connectivity essential for digital transformation. The Information Technology sector plays a vital role in the growth of the Indian economy. It is India's largest and most diverse private sector employer, with a direct workforce nearing 3.
There is a need to strengthen the backbone of the IT industry in India. The industry expects encouragement from the government.
Initiatives such as 'Make in India' and 'Skill India' have the potential to help the workforce secure jobs domestically. Read full article here. He also added that the government has delivered successfully in all sectors of the economy.
It will be interesting to watch whether FM Jaitley will manage to stay onto the fiscal roadmap this time. The government has set a target of 3. But the challenge for Jaitley arises from the fact that the government is walking a tightrope on the revenue front. With GST collections not as good as expected and divestment drive yet to yield desired results, government finances remain tight this year.
On the other hand, there is pressure on the expenditure side. With private investments yet to revive signficantly, the onus to support the economy primarily lies with the government. In this backdrop, Jaitley will face a tough task to meet the fiscal deficit target of 3. The Centre may dole out incentives to promote electric vehicles in the country by considering lower GST and extending tax benefit for buyers in this week's Budget for , say sources.
The announcement is expected in view of the governments aim to have percent electric vehicles for public mobility and 40 percent for personal mobility by The share of bank lending to real estate sector has fallen sharply to 17 percent in from over 68 percent in as banks are reluctant to provide credit to this industry due to rising NPAs and lower profit in property business, PTI quoted the Economic Survey report.
An interesting aside on the Budget day will be the implementation of GST e-way bill that goes live nationwide from Thursday. The e-way bill, an essential part of GST architecture that seeks to stop under reporting and tax evasion during inter-state movement of goods, is an electronic tracking system.
It is expected to tighten surveillance and raise revenues substantially but the shoddy implementation of GST still fresh in mind, the industry is understandably nervous about fresh and further disruption.
Promises of smart cities, employment and housing displaying little progress in India. But promises of smart cities and managing growth to provide jobs and housing for the coming urban population jump from million in to million in — with 20 percent of this growth expected to come from rural distress and migration — are, currently, displaying little progress.
Since urban development is a state subject, state governments implement these national schemes with central assistance playing a key role. State and urban bodies are also expected to finance a portion of the program on their own by raising funds from other sources. Read full Indiaspend article here. Govt spending hasn't helped farmers; infrastructural loopholes hinder progress. The agriculture sector will not just watch how much money is set aside in the budget but also how it is used, as the National Democratic Alliance NDA also tries to woo disaffected farmers before upcoming Assembly elections in eight states — Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and the northeastern states of Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura.
NGO demands greater transparency, asks govt to place more information in public domain. Claiming that the budgetary process in India was not transparent enough, an NGO on Wednesday urged the government to place more information related to the budget in the public domain.
As Finance Minister Arun Jaitley gears up to present the Union Budget on Thursday, the NGO, Transparency International India, said on parameters of international standards on budget transparency, the Indian budget was considered "less transparent" as it put only "limited" information in the public domain.
While the government "boasts its intentions of transparency", India ranks low on indicators representing budget transparency, it said, demanding greater openness in the budgetary process. As finance minister delivers his final budget, it will be interesting to see how Arun Jaitley manages to balance fiscal rectitude with the need to create jobs, boost infrastructure and rural spending and give tax relief to middle class in an election year.
His hands would be tied by rising oil prices and the cessation of control over central tax structure that has been subsumed within GST. Any major slippage in fiscal prudence will undo the hard-earned gains of the last few years and invite rating downgrades from agencies. What will be in store for the defence forces in Budget ? While the GST council has already taken some proactive measures, we hope the government will reemphasize on a roadmap for simple and business friendly GST compliance and administration systems.
More importantly, over the course of next few months, initiate all necessary constitutional amendments to ensure that there are no other State or Local Body Taxes, as they defeat the very purpose of bringing uniformity in tax structure, while ensuring proper input credit for taxes. UPI should be made more cost effective and should be given a much larger push to increase its adoption in India. With elections round the corner, presenting reformist budget is tough.
Announcing a bold, reformist Budget is easier said than done, particularly in an election year. Take the example of the banking sector, 70 percent of which is dominated by government banks in terms of assets. Politically-backed trade unions have a significant say in these banks and any attempts to privatize these entities will be welcomed with stiff resistance as we have seen in the past. The same goes true for several other state-run entities as well.
That's a tough call Jaitley has to take. Shereen Bhan's take on what we can expect from Budget From corporate tax cut to easing rules for investors, industry has a long wishlist. This year has witnessed sweeping legislative reform — introduction of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, IBC to facilitate the corporate insolvency resolution process, passing of the Real Estate Regulation and Development Act, to regulate the real estate sector, and introduction of GST as single national tax which streamlines the indirect tax regime in India.
The same strategy can be applied to rest of the PSUs as well. The FM can also use the Budget speech do away with certain archaic practices such as forced directed lending for the agriculture sector.
The government can, if it wish so, allocate money and put it directly into beneficiary farmer accounts using the Aadhaar-bank account infrastructure, instead of forcing PSU banks to so.
Will FM surprise with a radical, reformist Budget? Such a Budget can launch the Indian economy to the orbit of next level of development.
For example, FM Arun Jaitley can use the Budget to lay out a roadmap for next level of banking sector reforms beyond the usual recapitalisation exercise and chalk out a roadmap for privatistaion of state-run banks in phases.
Finance Minister Arun Jaitley will on Thursday present the federal budget, where the government is expected to try and woo rural voters and small businesses as the country heads into a season of elections. The entertainment industry is not likely to be a big priority. As India unveils budget, all eyes on fiscal deficit target. To keep investors on side however, Modi will have to convince them that he plans to keep to his word on working towards reining in the fiscal deficit.
A Reuters poll this week showed most economists expect a 3. Anything much beyond that, however, may draw a swift sell-off in the markets. Arun Jaitley does not have to do anything radical in Budget. Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley can approach the budget in two ways.
First, keep Narendra Modi government's last full budget a low key affair and stick to the implementation of the plans already announced in the last three and half years of this government. This makes sense given that the government has already announced a series of measures to boost the economy including the recently announced Rs9 lakh crore bail-out package targeting infrastructure and banking sectors.
Besides, the government has introduced a series of social sector schemes targeting the poor using the JAM trinity. As Chief economic advisor Arvind Subramanian suggested in the Economic survey, Jaitley doesn't have to do anything radical in the budget. The government should make provisions to exempt genuine angel investors who get certified through the accreditation process from the tax; angel tax should only be levied on the non-accredited investors.
This will help in cleansing the angel investment sector by only allowing the genuine investors to invest in the startups. A Reuters poll showed most economists expect a 3. A modest widening of that nature would calm investors worried that the government may slip away from its judicious spending.
Traders say bond yields could fall 10 to 15 basis points, while shares could hit new record highs. Gains could be more pronounced if India sticks to its 3. But a deficit above 3. In an interview with Times Now television broadcast, he also pledged that his government will stay on the course of the reforms agenda that has pulled out India from being among the 'fragile five' economies of the world to being a 'bright spot'.
Modi stoutly defended his economic policies, saying demonetisation was "a very big success story" and that he was open to changes in the new Goods and Services Tax GST to plug loopholes and make it a more efficient 'one-nation-one- tax' system.
He rejected criticism of providing a jobless growth, saying "lies" were being spread about employment generation and his government's policies were oriented towards creating jobs. Sensex drops 69 points, closes blow 36, mark; Nifty stays above 11, The BSE Sensex slipped 69 points to close below the key 36,mark on Wednesday following offloading of bets by retail investors and fresh capital outflows by foreign funds amid mixed global cues.
The share index remained in the negative zone for the major part of the session and lost Intra-day, it shuttled between 35, Noting that in today's economic environment, scarce capital is allocated to markets offering optimal returns, Biswal said global businesses allocate investments where post-tax returns for a given risk profile are highest. Investing in human capital will yield results in near future.
Investing in human capital, particularly children, will yield results only in years and it seems evident that the government is under pressure for immediate results that will justify their performances.
When we demand more budgetary allocation for children, as much as it needs to realise the dream of the demographic dividend, let us see that these are also factored in manifestos when we choose our leaders and governments. Poor people with no alternative other than wood and cow dung cakes finally have access to a clean fuel. More than three crore households have got access to LPG in a little over 18 months — quite an impressive performance. However, as we all know, usage of cylinders is a cause for concern and not all beneficiaries are utilising gas cylinders regularly and tend to go back to their chulahs.
Jan Dhan accounts could be used for income generating activities in poultry, piggery, goatery etc. Can we offer the poor structured savings such that at the end of the savings cycle, they have access to a lump sum of money which gives them an option to buy a physical asset such as a livestock? The livestock should be insured, geo-tagged and poor households can use this savings pool to diversify their income sources. According to a survey by Deloitte covering professionals across the sectors, close to 50 per cent feel that tax reforms, particularly tax litigation, should be the most critical priority now for government.
This is followed by reforms in the real estate sector. Ahead of the Budget, industry chamber CII today sought redressal of issues related to GST compliance including filing of returns, matching of invoices and getting timely input tax credit. According to the chamber, simplification of Goods and Services Tax GST compliances would result in higher number of returns filed, increased collection of revenues, and easier working capital management by trade and industry. CII also stressed upon the need for designing a fool-proof and effective return filing system where seamless and speedier input tax credit ITC can be availed by the recipient, as against the current requirement of filing three GST returns.
There is no doubt that the path to economic growth will be paved with the investment in infrastructure. To what extent will Budget reflect these concerns is the overwhelming question? Those in the infrastructure sector are certainly expecting the government to rise to the occasion. Currently, section 80C allows for a maximum exemption of Rs 1. The industry believes that term insurance is a better option as it provides adequate cover at much lower premiums.
We expect that the Budget will provide for an exclusive tax exemption of up to Rs. Indian Army 'reeling' from fund crunch following poor Budget allocation, says Centre 'dashed our hopes'. Bipin Rawat defends budget allocation for armed forces.
Firstpost Hindi Tech2 Faking News. Home Budget Live TV. Budget has taken steps in the right direction to increase penetration of insurance in India.
Rural education, health, nutrition urgently require increased funding from Centre. From corporate tax cut to infra sops, industry has a long wish list.
Imported items including mobiles, footwear, motorcycles to get costly as govt hikes customs duties. Hasmukh Adhia alleys investors' fears, says LTCG tax not causing sell-off at markets; blames global slump. Urban middle class should be educated to understand farmers need to be paid more, says Chidambaram. Highlights union budget Jaitley talking on roadmap to bring down corporate taxes Click here to read more FM The government will evolve a scheme to provide a unique identity to every enterprise in India on the lines of Aadhaar, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said today.
Jaitley Rs 1, crore to set up bamboo fund. GRAMs to help farmers for direct sales Read the full article here Read full report here Hordes of reporters in front of his residence